May 1 Address

Speech given by commander in chief Fidel Castro Ruz,
President of the Republic of Cuba at the International
May day celebration in Revolution Square on May 1, 2005


Listen, hold on for just a bit longer, because today you will be lucky and I won’t be speaking at great length.
(Cheering, and shouts of “No!”)

Nature is on our side, look at the breeze
and the clouds; everything is on the side of our noble cause.
Dear personalities and fighters from more than 60 nations who are sharing this historic May Day with us;

Dear delegates to the 4th Hemispheric Meeting of the Fight Against the FTAA
and for the ALBA;

Dear fellow Cubans:

Faced with the most powerful empire in the history of humanity determined to
destroy our identity as an independent nation in the past, and later during
the inevitable Revolution, we are here, in this glorious Square, after 46
years of heroic struggle, against which the most perfidious defamation and
the most vulgar crimes have crashed.

Ninety miles away from that Power, Cuba is committing, and will continue to
commit – don’t let there be any doubt about this – the sin of existing

The fallacies of asymmetric warfare that Cuba is supposedly preparing to
wage are looking increasingly ridiculous, embarrassing and impotent; the
great lie about the production of biological weapons, involving the enraged
liar John Bolton, whose cynical façade they try to present –and rightly so,
perhaps– as the perfect symbol of the current United States government to
the United Nations
They have failed in their renewed ideological war in which they invaded or
tried to invade our radio electronic space with a host of subversive
broadcasts of anti-Cuban radio and television; as they have failed in their
attempt to internationally isolate Cuba; in their support of idle
mercenaries and their use as Trojan horses within the country; in the vulgar
actions of the Interests Section under an agitator especially chosen and
trained to work out his own expulsion with a well deserved kick up the
backside; and in their intentions to suffocate us with the intensification
of the criminal economic, commercial and financial blockade.

On the other hand, Cuban credit has grown stronger, its international
economic relations have increased and business with US agricultural
producers has expanded, despite the many obstacles imposed by the fraudulent
and tricky occupant of the White House.

The maneuver to deprive our country of the dollar also failed –the dollar
has now been dishonorably dismissed from our country where, during the very
harsh times of the special period, it reigned as the Luis 14th of monetary

All their aggressive plots against our people have failed. Here we are, I
insist, stronger than ever, more united than ever, more determined than ever
to continue with the exceptional work of building a more just, more
supportive, more humane and more prosperous society, like the Promised Land
already within our grasp.

The American government, along with its many other sinister strategies to
harm our Homeland, resorted to the vulgar option of adding Cuba to a
spurious and cynical list of terrorist countries.

This week that draws to an end today, the State Department republished its
updated list. It states, in a perverse and malicious way, that: “Cuba
remained actively opposed to the US-led Coalition prosecuting the global war
on terrorism”.

Why does Cuba have to follow the lead of a corrupt and genocidal government?

Following September 11, 2001 and the atrocious attacks on the Twin Towers,
planned and carried out by fanatic leaders financially linked to the dynasty
that currently reigns in the White House, individuals who were also trained
and used by the United States Special Services, the empire’s policy has
centered on what it described as a world crusade against the terrorism
which, invented by them against Cuba, Viet Nam and other countries, has
become a world tragedy. The Nazi doctrine of the preemptive and surprise
attack on ‘any dark corner of the world’ was declared and 60 or more states
were grotesquely cited as possible targets –one of these, of course, was
Cuba–, as our country is first on the list of possible objectives.

No one should be surprised if with the deepest contempt we use the harshest
words to qualify such ethylic and demented threats, as it was under such
pretext they embarked on wars supposedly aimed at fighting terrorism.

On the very September 11, 2001, Cuba warned of the absurdity of this concept
and advised that war would never be the solution to the problem.

Reports from the US Counter-Terrorism Center at this time show that in 2004
there were three times more major terrorist acts (651 compared to 175) than
in 2003.

When the American government unjustifiably invaded Iraq, it consciously lied
about the existence of weapons of mass destruction. Actually, it was the oil
they were after; it was a vulgar war of conquest. All the painful evidence
has quashed Bush’s hypocritical speech that the world is now a safer place
than it was four years ago.

What is the credibility of the shameless scarecrow designed against Cuba by
the State Department, which has also made the mistake of giving first place
on their list to the least fearful country and the most capable of
uncovering their despicable lies?

On top of all this, the government of that country has been foolish enough
to say that “the biggest cause for concern is that these States (including
Cuba in first place) have the capacity to produce weapons of mass
destruction and other destabilizing technology which could fall into the
hands of the terrorists”. This at the exact time when John Bolton, the
deranged author of this folly, is questioned by several of the most
important intelligence services of the United States for venting his fury on
some honest officials who had the decency to oppose his depraved and
untenable lies. Major media outlets and what is even more worrying for the
extremist, warmongering and genocidal mob, the members of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee are amazed at such shocking behavior.

The sinister aims of these lies are well known.

In addition to this hysterical behavior, on Friday April 29 a cable reported
that the very distinguished President of the United States had just ordered
the Treasury Department to hand over a generous amount of Cuba’s frozen
assets to meet another lawsuit from the extremist and terrorist Cuban
American mob in Miami.

What is truly incomprehensible and inexplicable about the US government’s
behavior is that they published the abovementioned State Department document
at a time when the current administration is caught up in one of the most
embarrassing and sensitive chapters of its terrorist adventures, its
aggression and lies against Cuba. Are they stupid, or even better, are they
such stupid or what?

The whole world knows that Luis Posada Carriles, the cruelest, most famous
terrorist in the western hemisphere, as acknowledged by the most important
media outlet in this part of the world, has entered the United States and
requested asylum from the government of that country, whose soldiers are
dying every day and whose death toll have risen to almost two thousand, in
the name of a war against terrorism that was unleashed after the events of
September 11, 2001.

Our fellow Cubans, who have closely followed this unprecedented scandal,
know perfectly well what I am talking about. Many people will now be
wondering whether the George W. Bush administration has given birth to the
monster that was growing heavy in their entrails. Reply: it is incredible
but there are still no signs of labor, despite the fact that this could
endanger the health of both, the mother and the creature, as well as that of
the many midwives and others who are meddling in this affair, and whose
numbers are growing by the day.

Due to the fact that over the last three days we have been focused on the
agreements and documents signed between the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
and Cuba, and particularly on the events related to the visit of the leader
of the Bolivarian Revolution, our close brother Hugo Chávez Frías, and the
historic progress which we are rapidly making in such a short period of time
towards the integration of the peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean
–two hundred years after their struggles for independence first began—the
same that until now have been dominated and plundered by colonialism and
imperialism which have lead them to a now unsustainable situation, we
haven’t been able to examine the highly significant situation created by the
return of the monster to the place where it was bred and trained for the
long series of crimes that it has committed against the people of Cuba and
other peoples worldwide.

Today, while we were speaking of the crime committed on October 6, 1976 in
Barbados, with the blowing up of the passenger plane and the loss of more
than 70 lives; between that date and the day the young Italian was murdered
in a Havana hotel, 20 years have passed equivalent to 20 years of murders,
of crimes committed by US governments using mercenaries and terrorists of
the despicable caliber of Posada Carriles.

Neither can we forget more than 45 years of aggressions, mercenary
invasions, piratical attacks, acts of sabotage, a dirty war which, in the
midst of an atrocious and pitiless blockade, has taken the lives of
thousands and thousands of fellow countrymen, victims of these acts of
terrorism. How can the US government, least of all the present
administration, accuse Cuba, the victim, and write her first on a list of
terrorist nations, when what they should actually do is place her first on a
list of victims of imperialist terrorism, for more than half a century!

Since it has been almost 72 hours without news on the delivery, I shall
proceed straight to giving you, as briefly as possible, –and taking into
account the time and the effort you have all made over the last twelve
hours– the latest top stories:

The newspaper, El Nuevo Herald reported on April 29 that, faced with the
extradition request made by Venezuela, the terrorist’s accomplices were
preparing to strengthen their legal team.

Santiago Alvarez, the well-known terrorist and accomplice of Posada
Carriles, said that the legal representation “is being strengthened with
lawyers of different origins”.

According to the newspaper, the lawyers hired to assist the terrorist
include Kendall Coffey, the former Miami district attorney who led the
sinister team of lawyers that tried to keep the child Elián González
kidnapped and Joaquín Chafardet, an equally mobbish lawyer who is well known
in Venezuela, and who previously represented Posada during his trial in
Caracas for the bombing of the Cubana airliner and is strongly associated
with Ricardo Koesling, a representative of the Cuban American National
Foundation in Venezuela and one of the instigators of the siege of the Cuban
Embassy during the ephemeral coup d’état of April 11, 2002.

Accounts cited by the newspaper discuss the possibility that the illustrious
Posada Carriles will talk to the press very soon.

Santiago Alvarez Fernández Magriñá, the abovementioned character who took
Posada Carriles from Isla Mujeres to the city of Miami between the 16 and
the 18 of March, in other words 44 days ago, gave an interview yesterday on
a Miami TV channel in which he shamelessly said that Posada Carriles ‘is
fine, he is painting, listening to the news and reading’. Then he went on to
announce in a language that befits the ignorant and uneducated individual
that he is that “it is very probable that in the next few days he will be
called to the Immigration office, and when he shows up there they will have
to see him and talk to him. Preparations are being made for him to give a
limited interview in the next few days, as soon as the lawyers feel that the
time is right, in order to give information on certain points that need
answering”. In fact, there are a million points that need answering: are you
well aware of that Mr. George W. Bush?

According to the Herald –which as you know has many connections with the
Mob, I particularly refer to the so called the New Herald– sources in the
United States capital affirmed that Posada’s asylum request had gone down
like a “lead balloon” in high US ranks. “It has created a lot of political
friction”, said a top official that asked to remain anonymous. “This is the
worst time that it could have happened”. Listen to that official’s phrasing:
‘This is the worst time that it could have happened’.

Information received suggests that the Bush administration doesn’t know how
to get out of this tangled and embarrassing situation. They’re holding a
time bomb in their hands. While they have been playing with terrorism,
fomenting it, supporting it and nurturing it, it comes as no surprise that
they now have a time bomb on their hands.

It has also been said that even the beleaguered Cuban American National
Foundation, the group that gives the most protection and financial aid to
Posada Carriles, in close coordination with US administrations, is worried
because this matter could further harm their battered political image, and
they are also worried that the terrorist may demand more from them because
he has lots of information.

On the other hand, there are reports in New York press circles that the
United States government is involved in intense negotiations with several
Central American countries in order to secretly transfer the terrorist to
any country in that area.

In addition to this it has been said that the Salvadoran government must
have let the United States know through various channels that they don’t
want Posada Carriles in their country –everybody wanting to get rid of the
corpse, acting like rats fleeing a sinking ship– and it is very unlikely
that they’ll accept the terrorist. The final destination will depend on the
pressure exerted by the State Department. We already know what results have
been obtained by that distinguished lady who is the Secretary of State and
who is presently traveling through our hemisphere to discuss democracy and
lack of governability, or should I say governability, in this hemisphere.
They haven’t even realized what has happened, they haven’t even realized
that in one week, just one week, three governments are in the middle of
serious crises.

Journalists are commenting that Cuba’s denunciation of Posada Carriles took
the US authorities by surprise, but that they have by now realized the
sensitivity of the issue and changed their initial intention of accepting
Posada into their country.

Here, one of the distinguished speakers preceding me –it was Schafick–
spoke of the ‘hot potato’. Cubans know very well how hot a potato can be
when it is taken out of the pot, perhaps out of the pressure cooker: it
burns your hands, your lips, your tongue, it burns everything; and there
they are, with a specially hot potato that won’t cool down, one that we
won’t let cool down. (Applause)

Meanwhile, there are reports from Salvadoran political circles that some
leaders of the ARENA government party would find themselves in deep water if
they didn’t help Posada.

In this context, the former Minister of the Interior and coffee entrepreneur
Mario Acosta Oertel, “a close friend of Posada and the people of Miami”
would be the person in charge of handling the issue of the terrorist in El
Salvador. Acosta’s wife is the cousin of Otto René Rodríguez Llerena, the
terrorist detained in Cuba.

According to journalists from an important US television network, their
colleagues in Miami say they are convinced that Posada Carriles is hidden in
a house in Florida.

Reporters from this network in Miami believe that the FBI knows where Posada
is and who is with him, and they don’t rule out the possibility that one of
the options might be to force him out of the country. To this end, they
could use the procedure of accusing the person who is sheltering him, and
those who allowed him to enter, and those who gave permission for his entry,
and those who know how he entered and where he hiding and are saying

They say that they don’t understand why the FBI has not arrested Posada,
since the terrorist was singled out as a fugitive of Venezuelan justice by a
government preceding that of President Chávez.

However, they say that they couldn’t send him to Venezuela either because
the American government is convinced that that would be tantamount to
handing him over to Cuba.

Such a sophism! It was precisely Cuba that, from the beginning, relinquished
its most legitimate right to judge him since it was her sons and daughters,
in huge numbers, who have been among the victims of this monster’s crimes, a
monster bred and trained in the United States and used by them for decades.
If not, how could it be explained, or rather, how could the shameless
blackmail plaguing the most powerful superpower ever existing be explained?

It is the opinion of the reporters that the FBI are carefully evaluating the
scenarios to which they are being exposed, and they feel that the Bush
administration still hasn’t decided how to deal with the case –they are
truly mute, paralyzed, puzzled– but they assume that when Posada enters
into the public eye the FBI will have a plan ready.

TV journalists in Miami are saying that the big networks in the United
States are on Posada’s trail and some of them are very close to finding out
his whereabouts. One version of events is that he is hiding out in an
exclusive neighborhood on the outskirts of Miami, in a very expensive house
valued at three million dollars. There he spends his time reading, listening
to the news and painting, like a new Picasso; there in the lair of the
Empire whose political and cultural ideal, at least that of the present
administration, is to have painters with blood-stained hands and with the
barbaric notion: ‘We put the bomb, so what?’, or in that infamous phrase
used to describe the case of the young Italian Fabio di Celmo: ‘He was in
the wrong place at the wrong time’. It now seems that it is he, as well as
the US government or the President of this administration, who are in the
wrong place at the wrong time. (Applause)

You can see what 180,000 people working in the Department of Homeland
Security, those 22 bodies that cooperate and participate in their
anti-terrorism struggle and in the protection of US internal security, have
not been able to accomplish; neither have the 15 intelligence agencies
working on a budget of billions of dollars; what these have not been able to
accomplish or discover, the US media will succeed in accomplishing and

They also say that the FBI is not keeping watch on the area where Posada is
supposedly staying, and that Eduardo Soto, the terrorist’s lawyer, has opted
to give his statements and public interviews to Hispanic television
channels, without realizing that Posada has now become a priority target for
the majority of the country’s TV channels, that are starting to work towards
finding and filming him, and that if the FBI doesn’t find him, the
television networks will.

In a recent letter republican Senator Norm Coleman, confirmed that the US
Department of Homeland Security had received a request for asylum on behalf
of Posada Carriles.

You might recall that a few days ago the University of Informatics Sciences
(UCI) had been looking into the obligations of a lawyer or any other person
who is filing a plea for exile, and found out that it is a crime punishable
by several years in prison to violate these procedures. What would the law
say about those holding high office, indeed very high office, who act as
accomplices for the cover-up, or are accomplices of that terrorist when they
allow or authorize his entry, or even worse, those that allow his entry
without any previous consent? And there you have a government paralyzed for
a month and a half, incapable of arresting the terrorist and all of his
minor accomplices who bypassed the orders of higher authorities.

The Senator’s letter means that there is finally news of a zealously guarded
document that we have been eagerly looking for over the last few days.

What does this letter say exactly?

“Dear Mr. Hughes:

“Thank you for taking the time to contact me concerning Mr. Luis Posada


“As you may know, Mr. Carriles was pardoned by Panamanian President Mireya

Moscoso on August 26, 2004. Mr. Carriles attorney has alleged that

Mr. Carriles entered the United States through Mexico a few weeks ago.

“I have shared your concerns with the Department of Homeland Security


“DHS has confirmed that Mr. Carriles attorney has filed an asylum request
for his client. However, because of his past acts of terrorism that he has,
by his own admission, claimed to have planned and carried out, Mr. Carriles
is not eligible for asylum.

“DHS cannot confirm Mr. Carriles entry into the country, but has alerted all
major law enforcement agencies of his possible presence.” If they want to
find out, all they have to do is to find Mr. Santiago Alvarez, the man who
brought him by boat to Miami from Isla Mujeres. They could never deny that,
they must swallow the whole nightmare, but this is not a nightmare; it is an
irrefutable and indestructible truth. They could have found out where this
creature was in five minutes, in the country where the authorities, the
special services and the government had spawned him.

The Senator continues: “…If he is found, Mr. Carriles would face immediate
deportation from the United States for his past terrorist activities.

“Thank you once again for taking the time to contact me. I value your
advice. If I may be of further assistance to you in the future, please do
not hesitate to contact me again.


Norm Coleman

United States Senator”

In the next few days, we will be receiving very interesting news. The US
government, blackmailed by the crows it created, has lacked the courage to
pursue the only path left to it: the immediate arrest of Posada Carriles,
abiding by national and international laws and placing him at the
disposition of the Venezuelan Court that must put him on trial. I have
already said that Cuba has relinquished its right, just so that they will
not have a minimum excuse.

In Venezuela there is a Bolivarian government that is respected worldwide,
where there are many journalists. Would that not be the best place to put
him on trial, since Cuba won’t do it? What excuse can they come up with to
avoid sending him there?

We have even proposed that Venezuela is in the best position to do so. We
would even accept an international absolutely impartial court, convened in a
location where they might agree to try this murderer. This is not even an
important individual; the importance of this individual lies in the fact
that his presence reveals to the world the immense hypocrisy, the lies, the
immoral acts and the cynicism that the Empire uses to dominate the world.
This is what’s important, let’s not forget it. The world demands that
injustice be put on trial; the world demands that hypocrisy be put on trial;
the world demands that these imperialist methods of deceit and domination, a
domination that is harder and harder to maintain on the world, be put on

I promised not to talk at great length; it only remains for me to thank our
speakers. (Applause)

We were afraid that this event would go on for too long. We realize that
this is summer, the sun is strong and the people began to mobilize, those
close to Havana, at 10 o’clock last night, and that at 2 in the morning they
were already on their way, so that we might bring together a million
three-hundred thousand people, all of whom are not readily visible here,
because all the empty spaces and avenues around this Square are filled with
fellow Cubans.

You all deserve our infinite recognition for your revolutionary and
patriotic spirit, for your support of such a just cause, for your dignity
and revolutionary spirit; for your quietness and the attention paid to the
valiant, moving and eloquent words we have been hearing from all those who
have stood on this podium today, to widen our knowledge of the horrors
committed by US Imperialism against the peoples of Latin America and whose
words have strengthened our self-confidence and resolve that our nations
will be free and will unite closely to defend the same common causes we
defend here, speaking the same language that we have been hearing here
today, even the English language; Because at the end of the day, it will not
be too difficult, thinking of those peoples who once struggled against
colonialism and who lost many of their sons and daughters in the struggle
against fascism, that these peoples will unite with their Latin American
brothers and sisters, in the struggle for justice, in the struggle for
truth, in the struggle for the survival of our species which is at stake

Let us never forget this event. Let us never forget the words of solidarity
spoken by our brothers and sisters from the South, the Center and the North.
Language will not be an obstacle, because all of us that speak Spanish or
Portuguese will learn English, and one day, all those speaking English will
learn the languages of Latin America, Spanish and Portuguese. (Applause)

As I told you recently, the main slogan of the mobilization of this May Day
has become: ‘Humanity has a yearning for justice’. You have proven this here
today. (Applause and shouts of: “Fidel! Fidel!”)

And looking out onto this huge, unsurpassable and emotional crowd, I
remember that unforgettable October 15, 1976 as if it were today, the moment
in which we bid farewell to the victims of that monstrous act of terrorism
against the Cuban airliner over Barbados, which made me state: “When an
energetic and forceful people cry, injustice trembles!”

We shall see!

Long live the 30th Anniversary –which we also commemorate today– of the
glorious and exemplary victory of the heroic people of Vietnam, a victory
that the imperialists should never forget!

Patria o Muerte!



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